Bob 3 wheels of Bobard straddle tractor, 1952-53, for vineyard. The castle of Savigny les Baunes sells vine of its vineyad and presents many interesting museums : 100 fighters, 2500 models aircraft, 600 car models, 1000 motorcycle models, 150 motorcycles, 36 'Abarth' race cars, 50 vineyard straddle tractors of the 50s, 20 fire vehicles, 150 vinery and wine tools. Pict J M M at Castle of Savigny les Baunes 2014 05.
Rapid Rex mower of Rapid Technic AG, Switzerland. Low center of gravity and wideners of wheels allow to move on slopes.
Land Rover http://www.pinterest.com/pin/354658539377665688/
Polaris-Sportsman with Airless Tires Terrainarmor. http://coolpile.com/rides-magazine/polaris-sportsman-wv850-h-o-terrain-airless-tires-atv http://www.polaris.com/en-us/atv-quad/2014/sportsman-wv850-ho- http://www.polaris.com/en-us/atv-quad/2014/sportsman-wv850-ho-avalanche-grayavalanche-gray
Bob 'Side Car' 4x2 straddle tractor proto of Bobard, for vineyard, 1957. Side wheels are monted on telescopic legs to ajust the terrain. Two wheels drive and steering aligned. Pict J M M at Savigny les Baunes, 2014 05.
Vineyard stradle tractors of the 50s. There are 50 stradle tractors at Castle of Savigny les Baunes. Pict J M M, 2014 05.
2 4X4 WHEELED RIGID VEHICLES, MEDIUM
4x4 car http://www.pinterest.com/pin/555350197773321634/
Lincoln MK V, 1979, modified from late 80's Chevy Suburban chassis and drive train. http://www.pinterest.com/pin/491314640568023648/
Walter CFGA,1963 http://blog.hemmings.com/index.php/2009/12/09/100-percent-traction/
Big 4,1953, Elvood, Illinois. https://www.flickr.com/
Bray 4 from Bray Construction Machinery Co. in Middelsex and Tetbury. It used Ford bases in the 50-60s. Taken over by Matbro in 1973, the new company ended in early 90s. http://www.tractor
Buffle tractor, built at about 500 units between 1952 and 1954 by Chantiers et Ateliers de la Manche, Dieppe. It was Akerman steering but skid steering was necessary headland. 20 hp, 1,4 t.
Detroit Tractor http://www.tractor
Farma CT 8.5-14 T14 4WD G2, is equipped with hydraulic extending frame, standard on this model. The frame can be extended by 80 cm, which provides fast adjustment for optimal balance at different timber lengths and gives other advantages such as a kind of inching system in difficult terrain. http://silvatech.pl/en/
Gardrat, Calzolari, Nordtrak tractors.
Gardrat 50 FWD tractor
brochures.com/update.html Calzoralia Tactor and
Germinal, The Big 4 Elwwod, Detroit tractors. http://www.tractor
Rossi, Slanzi, Romeo Raimondi tractors. Slanzi tractor, Amico DV 15 T MFWD, 1952. Raimondi Bruco 40, 1955. http://www.tractor
Volvo TL11, TL12. TL11 proto was from 1953 and TL22 was built from 1953 to 1954 and remained in service untill 1962. It was well suited to tow aircrafts on airfields. Pictures from the book : 'Volvo' of Jean Christer Olsson, Bookwell, Finland, 2010.
Acmat VLRA ton 4.36 STL
Combat Guard of IMI, Israeli Military Industries. Pict J M M at Villepinte, 2014 06.
HydroDynamic Buggy 2. Built by an engineer, it is all stainless and aluminium. Hydraulic motors are not installed. Nice self-leveling. http://ramchargercentral.com/open-discussions/alstor-8x8-utility-vehicle/
Eagle 6x6 amphibious ATV model T, manufactured in the 60-70s, by Standard Engineering Company, Inc., Iowa.
5 6x6 WHEELED RIGID VEHICLES MEDIUM
Volvo TL21 & TL22, 6x6 with differentiel lock. Volvo TL21 prototype, TL22 was built at 857 copies between 1956 and 1957 and used civilian parts. It served in Swedish Army until 1980. Picture from the book : 'Volvo' of Jean Christer Olsson, Bookwell, Finland, 2010, lower right : http://www.picsauto.com/imgs/28220-volvo-tl-22/2/ Offroad trucks TL31, L3315, 9031, BV202, are in the chapter : Museum of Vehicles : Strängnas, Sweden : Arsenalen
Mercedes LRPV 6x6. Pict J M M at Villepinte, 2014 06.
6 6x6 WHEELED RIGID VEHICLES HEAVY
Paul Heavy Mover 6x6 of Paul Nutzfahrzeuge, Special Truck, Passau. Issued from Mercedes Actros, it is used for oil industry, military or heavy transport. 420 to 448 hp, 55 km/h, empty mass 28.9 t, total mass 80 t. http://www.paul-nutzfahrzeuge.de/index.php?id=281
Paul Heavy Mover
Volvo TVA Terräng-Vagn A, Prototype, 1937, Picture from the book : Volvo of Jean Christer Olsson, Bookwell, Finland, 2010.
Volvo TVB 6x6, 1940, built at 146 copies, will stay in service untill 1955. Picture from the book : Volvo of Jean Christer Olsson, Bookwell, Finland, 2010.
Volvo 8x8 4230, 1967. Equipped with portal axles and locking differentiels. This proto was destroyed during trials. http://volvovalp.ifokus.se/discussions/4d7178afb9cb4622390894d6-tgb-8x8 http://www.imcdb.org/vehicle_151233-Volvo-L-4230.html
9 8X8 WHEELED RIGID VEHICLES, HEAVY
General Purpose Liberation Military Truck 12x12 http://www.sinodefence
Goldoni S P A Transcar, 4x4 articulated or steered wheels, from Italia. 37 to 66 hp. http://www.mondomacchina.it/en/design-and-innovation-for-goldoni-transcar-range-c67 http://www.goldoni.com/prodotto/35
Gondo 4400EX 4x4 from Landpride, Kansas. http://atvsource.com/articles/press-releases/2004/030804_land_
Paus AKD 242 dumper http://www.graaf-baumaschinen.de/vermietung/dumpster/muldenkipper_akd242.php
12 4X4 WHEELED ARTICULATED VEHICLES, HEAVY
Rolligon 4x4 equipped with agricultural tires. http://www.benzworld.org/forums/unimog/1660360-dream-machines-17.html
Bisomtrac 1000, the last model, built at 2 units, whose one is always at Ets Lhermite, Dreux. Lower left is le first built from 2 Someca 40H.
LeTourneau RC Train : an engineer with an operating model of a 52 wheel, 450 foot long vehicle designed by R.G. LeTourneau Inc, of Longview, Texas, circa 1955. The vehicle has a unique ability to track around obstacles. (Photo by FPG/Archive Photos/Getty Images) http://www.gettyimages.fr/Search/Search.aspx?query=z.i.H4sIAAAAA
19 SEMI-TRACKED AND WHEEL-CUM-TRACK VEHICLES
Rotaped on Ford and Renault tractors. The first conversion was on the Ford and Renault marketed the Rotaped in the 50s. From Reuben Hoggett of www.cybernetizoo.com.
Rotaped patent, 1944, by Otto Singer, GB. From Reuben Hoggett of www.cybernetizoo.com See also the Chapter : 'Pictures of the Author IV'
Timberjack Harvester. J M M in Cantal, France, 2014 07
Claas Etrion 400, 2011, electric concept, 400 hp. With such power and wheels not very large, it is equipped with retractable Terra-Tracks. http://www.grostracteurs
Ghe-o-Motors Rescue Vehicle with rear tracks, from Romania. http://coolpile.com/rides-magazine/ghe-o-motors-rescue-ultimate-utilitarian-vehicle-extreme-weather-terrain
Bray Half-track Roadless Hydraloader in the 60s. http://www.tractor
Volvo HBT (HalvBandTraktor, halftrack) Artilleritraktor m/43, built from 1942 to 1946 at 108 copies and remained in service untill 1956. It was in fact a Swedish built Demag D7 (Sd.Kfz.10). Picture from the book : Volvo of Jean Christer Olsson, Bookwell, Finland, 2010.
20 ONE OR TWO TRACKS RIGID VEHICLES LIGHT
Blank tractor V228-230-232, 1965, of Karl Blank K.G., Dirmstein, Germany http://mototracteurs.
Staub Lunic, 1961, built at Lunel, Hérault, by Joseph Blanc. It was issued from Unirag from Germany, then Blank, and from Staub, Courbevoie. http://vieilles-soupapes.grafbb.com/
Staub Lunic 1961 without its wheels. http://tracteurdevigne.
Poncin minibus for snow. Nice ! http://vehiculesponcin.e-monsite.com/
Panther tractor, 1948. http://www.tractor
Tracked tractor to restaure of Claude Gayraud collection. Pict from the review 'Tracteur Retro' sept-oct 2014.
Tracked toys from former East Germany in the 60s. httpwww.ebay.deitmlike17
Mars dumper Piko http://sammlerportal.de.tl/<font-face=Comic-Sans-MS-size=2-color=00B233><b>Mars-Muldenkipper<-s-b><-s-font>.htm
Omega of MS Weimar http://sammlerportal.de.tl/%3Cfont-face=Comic-Sans-MS-size=2-color=99B200%3E%3Cb%3EOmega-Raupe%3C-s-b%3E%3C-s-font%3E.htm
OVP of MS Weimar http://sammlerportal.de.tl/%3Cfont-face=Comic-Sans-MS-size=2-color=99B200%3E%3Cb%3EOmega-Raupe%3C-s-b%3E%3C-s-font%3E.htm
Polar 1 MS 3024 of MS Brandeburg. http://sammlerportal.de.tl/%3Cfont-face%3DComic-Sans-MS-size%3D2-color%3D66B200%3E%3Cb%3EPOLAR-1---MS-3024%3C-s-b%3E%3C-s-font%3E.htm
Polar 2 MS 3025 of MS Brandeburg, from former East Germany. http://sammlerportal.de.tl/%3Cfont-face%3DComic-Sans-MS-size%3D2-color%3D66B200%3E%3Cb%3EPOLAR-2---MS-3025%3C-s-b%3E%3C-s-font%3E.htm
Finncat with bending tracks Finland.
Tracked toy from former East Germany. Seen on ebay.
21 TWO TRACKS RIGID VEHICLES MEDIUM
Chrysler Windsor tank http://www.pinterest.com/pin/496592296384751711/
Rubber tracked Caterpilar tractors. 1953 Cat D4 modified in 1970 to rubber tracks, in The Netherlands, for use in sand dunes. Lower right, AG4 proto. Pictures of Ad QUad, a specialist of Caterpillar. http://www.acmoc.org/bb/showthread.php?7641-Cat-D4-On-Rubber
Amphibious vehicle on the cover of Popuplar Science in the 30s.
Meili VM 500 snow groomer http://www.technikboerse.com/fr/view/machine-d-occasion/autres/826797/sonstige-meili-pistenraupe-vm-500-mini.html
Krabat-232 agricutural and forestry tractor, built in Norway in 1985-86 by Reinhardt Maskin AS at about 400 units. Engine Farymann diesel 32 hp. http://autoline.info/sf/agricultural-equipment-forestry-tractor-KRABAT-232-CIaGNIK-LEsNY-Nie-LKT-- http://translate.google.fr/
22 TWO TRACKS RIGID VEHICLES HEAVY
Crossing Amphibious Tank FCM, 1927, to transport tanks over rivers. It will be abandoned in early 30's and replaced by a simple tray. Pictures from the review GBM, Jul,-Aug,-Sept 2014.
Marsh Tracker Amphibian of LLC of Lite Technologies, Francisville, LA, a new brand since 2013. http://www.litetech
23 FOUR TRACKS RIGID VEHICLES LIGHT
24 FOUR TRACKS RIGID VEHICLES, MEDIUM
Four tracks vehicle http://www.pinterest.com/pin/423408802439554667/
Machine for vineyard with Otica tracks to move on slopes and avoid compaction of soils. Otico treads are standard. http://www.otico.com/realisations.html
Hi-Traq IHC first model of Royal IHC, The Netherlands. 25 t, four tracks, the chain cutter cuts a channel of 2.5 m depth for cable. A high pressure jet of sea water is directed around the laid cable. http://www.oedigital.com/component/k2/item/5820-traq-ing-underwater-trenching
Hi-Traq streamlined chassis with buoyancy grabs and tooling cylinder. http://subseaworldnews.com/2013/07/03/uk-ihc-eb-develops-hi-traq-vehicle/ http://www.rivieramm.com/article/windfarm-challenges-demand-high-tech-trenchers-12247
Hi-Traq vehicle of IHC Merwede Group, now Royal IHC, The Netherlands, 3000 employees in many countries. They built all is necessary to work on see or under the see (vessels, dredging, mining, offshore and marine markets). The Hi-Traq is an underwater four tracks vehicle, revealed in June 2014, very maneuverable and automatically self-leveling, used for cable laying in offshore wind farms or maintenance. 1,25 MW, 50 t, sufficiently heavy to be stable in currents.The operator is remotly located, using a fiber optic passing by lift umbilical. Hi-Traq has been developed by Northeast England-based IHC Engineering Business. It was built with help of support from the European Regional Development Fund,
Mad Masher Monster Truck 12x12 in LEGO, articulated in pitch and yaw, apparently not in roll. http://www.flickriver.com/photos/50191917@N06/popular-interesting/
27 ARTICULATED TRACKED VEHICLES, MEDIUM
M116 articulated prototype. M 116 Husky amphibious cargo carrier was produced from the late 60s by Blaw-Knox Co, Matoon, Ill, at 197 units. This articulated proto is staying at WES Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Mississipi. http://smg.photobucket.com/user/baumgar/library/Waterways%20
28 ARTICULATED TRACKED VEHICLES, HEAVY
Arktos amphibious vehicle
Armored Train Boirault, 1917-1918. It was conceived to cross easily trenches. Project of 72 t, 350 hp with 3 planned tanks St Chamond, was never built. Only a scale model is shown here. From review GBM N° 106, Oct, Nov, Dec 2013.
29 SELF-LEVELING VEHICLES
Komatsu Excavator on steep slope. Cables are necessary.
Pekazett of Pesche in the 60s, self-leveling tractor. Rear axle was coupled to a hydraulic pendulum using the tractor for forestry work on hilly landscape in Palatinat forest. About 12 were built. After many changes, Pesche Company, which built this tractor, always exists and build cranes.
Pekazett Tractor of the 60s. Upper left : UFF260, Seeber System of Pesche GmbH and Co., Zweibrücken, built probably from Deutz tractor. Upper right : UFF 360 Low right : 1965 UFF360 w/58 PS. http://www.bungartz.nl/peschke.html http://www.tractorfan.nl/picture/437359/ http://www.fwi.co.uk/blogs/black-sheep-blog/2006/04/vorsprung-durch-technik/ http://gardentractortalk.com/forums/topic/24651-caption-this-6-7-13/
30 SCREW VEHICLES
Swampcat Equipment from Driessen Vreeeland, The Netherlands. http://www.swampcat.eu/ http://www.swamp-equipment.com/
Swampcat Equipment from Driessen Vreeeland. The Netherlands. http://www.swampcat.eu/
31 WHEELED ROBOTS AND LUNAR CARS
Star Tiger Terrestrial Dropship Demontrator, flying robot carrying a 6x6 land robot by DFKI GmbH, ESA and Airbus. http://robotik.dfki-bremen.de/en/research/projects/startiger-dropship-1.html
Hybrid robot HERALD of University of Pennsylvania. It can transport a snake like robot in unreachable locations. http://gizmodo.com/smushing-three-robots-together-could-save-your-life-1638296455 http://modlabupenn.org/hybrid-exploration-robot-for-air-and-land-deployment-h-e-r-a-l-d/v=qxaG_KxTauY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qxaG_KxTauY
Snake robot for flying HERALD robot https://atmelcorporation.
MF3 Manipulator Vehicle Köhler from Germany, 1976, built by Blocher-Motor GmbH & Co. KG, Metzingen, for nuclear industry. Electrically powered. http://cyberneticzoo.com/teleoperators/1976-mf3-manipulator-vehicle-kohler-german/
Track-Walker 2, 2012, from Tohoku University in Sendai. Tracks can be used as legs by lifting them over obstacles. https://thehopefulmonster.
Peristaltic locomotion robot, 2012. This robot, built by Case Western Reseve University, has a structurre allowing it to move like a worm. The concept uses a continuously deformable outer mesh that interpolates the body position between discrete actuators. This prototype uses a continuous braided mesh exterior to produce waves of motion along the body of the robot.
Such contraction movement and progressive relaxation is called peristalsis. The part where the diameter is high serves as support on the ground while the diameter decreases and elongates moving ahead slightly above the ground. http://biorobots.case.edu/projects/softworm/ http://vimeo.com/67677015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6mA8walaSk
Worm like robot, 2012. http://astronasty.blogspot.fr/2012/04/giant-worm-robot-santa-heard-me-finally.html
Varan Robot produced at the Kovrov Electromechanical Plant. The robot was designed by the Scientific Research Institute of SM MSTU named for N. E. Bauman, along with employees at the Special Design Bureau of Instrument of Automation in the city of Kovrov.
The mobile robot Varan was created to detect, disrupt, or destroy explosive devices on-site, or transfer them to a safe place in a special container.
Cayman tracked of Tecdron, France. J M M at Villepinte, 2014 06. http://www.tecdron.fr/fr/accueil/
Scarab LX robot of Tecdron, France. J M M at Villepinte, 2014 06.
Omni-Crawler robot built first by Osaka University, Japan and modified by Raytech issued from University of Wels, Austria. J M M at Villepinte, 2014 06.
Raytech robot of Raimund Edlinger, University of Wels, Austria. Pict J M M at Villepinte, 2014 06.
Electric drone of Aubriot and Gabet, 1914-15 were also forerunner of tanks. Here is a little wire-guided vehicle for surveillance and destroying tasks. A third track helped to cross obstacles which prefigured nowadays off-road rescue robots. Pict from the review : 'Bulletin des Blindés', June 2014.
Sakura rescue robot being developed by the Future Robotics Technology Center (FuRo) at the Chiba Institute of Technology, Japan. http://robohub.org/disaster-response-robot-will-inspect-the-damaged-fukushima-nuclear-reactor-building/
VelociRoACH robot built by Duncan Haldane and his colleagues that mimic cockroach at UC Berkeley’s Biomimetic Millisystems. Made of cardboard, it is the fastest robot (10 mn a mile) of its size.
33 WALKING, HOPPING, SPHERICAL, WSL ROBOTS AND VEHICLES
RATS, Robotic All-Terrain Surveyor, NASA, combines hopping and rolling to move around on rugged environment. For space, search and rescue, defense applications. http://www.taringa.net/posts/ciencia-educacion/17656690/Es-posible-explorar-las-cuevas-de-Marte.html http://www.nrec.ri.cmu.edu/projects/rats/
US1041837 Miks walking tractor 1912. Reported by F Pierre.
US318194 walking machine McMurray 1885. Reported by F Pierre.
US95032 Meriman walking machine, 1869. Reported by F Pierre.
34 SPECIAL OFF-ROAD VEHICLES
Additional wheels. It is a simple idea with undriven wheels but much more complicated if they could be driven. http://www.uazbuka.ru/models/vezdehod/vezdehod2014.html
Ultra Heavy-Lift Amphibious Connector, UHAC is a proto 1/2 scale to replace LCAC Air Cushioned. Speed is the same but range increases from 86 to 200 nautical miles. Payload is increased 3 times. This amphibian is able to go inland in mud, marshes thanks to its pneumatic tracks made of low pressure captive air cells. Air cells also propel it in water, behaving like blades. It remembers PATA, Scale Test Bed, AIROLL or Water Walk issued from Kristi KT-4 of the 60s. (See chapter 'Pneumatic Tracks'). Old projects, modernized, bring out cartons.
Baby Rhino RC was presented by Elie P. Aghnides issued from his Rhino scale 1 on June 10 1956. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/290720CQ-THIS-
Rhino of Elie P. Aghnides, 1954, shown at the old Rushville, Indiana in 2008. It seems it was its last exhibition before its restauration. http://www.smokstak.com/forum/showthread.php?t=60193
Delta Beetle, golden medal of 16th 'Toyota Olymplics Ideas' in 1991. A good way for off-road vehicles ? There were more than 5000 participants who presented their achievements, often revolutionary means of transportation. http://shushauto-ru.livejournal.com/43338.html