2 4x4 WHEELED RIGID VEHICLES, MEDIUM

 

fire-fighting-alm-4x4.jpgalm-4x4-2.jpg

Fire Fighting ALM 4x4. Pict J M M at Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2008 06.

 


 

ALM 4x4 for fire-fighting. Pict J M M at La Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2011 05.

alm-4x4.jpgalm-4x4-al.jpg

 

ALM 4x4 at La Ferté Alais, 2008 06.

 

 

 

 

 

ALM 4x4. Pict J M M at la Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2010 06.

fire-fighting-vehicle.jpg

Fire fighting vehicle found on site : www.strangevehicles.com

 alm-4x4-1.jpg

ALM 4x4. Pict J M M at Loco en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2009 06 13.

 

voisin-amphibious-car-prototype-1952-2-1.jpg

Voisin Amphibious car prototype, 1952.

 

voisin-amphibious-car-prototype-1952.jpg

Voisin Amphibious car prototype, 1952, for military usage. 2 cyl, 850 cm², 50 hp, It was one of the last prototypes of Voisin Plant. Created in 1906 by Voisin brothers at Billancourt, France, for manufacturing planes and since 1919, luxurious cars. Picture J M M at Rétromobile, Paris on 2005 02.

 

beijing-qijian-bj-5021-hzhe-4x4-amphibious.jpg

Beijing Qijian BJ-5021-HZHE, 4x4, amphibious. Beijing Auto Works, BAW, was created in 1958. Main plant is near Beijing and in 2015, capacity of plants will be 60000 vehicles per year.

http://www.pakwheels.com/forums/cool-classic-cars-latest/182503-amphibious-baw-flagship-suv

 

stalo-c-4x4.jpg

Stalo C 4x4, Perkins 6 cyl.  http://www.maskinisten.net/viewtopic.php?p=

367692#367692V

http://www.maskinisten.net/viewtopic.php?t=3140&start=all

 

amphibious-4x4.jpg

Amphibious 4x4 based GAZ.

http://autokiss.ru/2007/11/10/vezdekhod-amfibija-na-baze-gaza.html      

ermak-rover.jpg

Ermak Rover    http://skarn.tiu.ru/p3285732-vezdehod-ermak.html

eugene-4x4.jpg

Eugene 4x4 of 700 kg, 2007,     http://strannik-v.ru/topic13.html

home-made-snowmobiles-in-russia.jpg

Home made snowmobiles in Russia.     www.snowmobile.ru                www.strannik.flyboard.ru

lake-rover-onego-1.jpg

Lake Rover Onego 1 from www.z-project.ru in 2008.

rover-woodam.jpg

Rover Woodam, Forester, mass 1055 kg, payload 500 kg, http://skarn.tiu.ru/p3285712-vezdehod-lesnik.html

 unkor-of-transmash.jpg

 Unkor based on UAZ of OOO Transmash, Nizhny-Novgorod.     http://www.transmashnn.ru/unkor.html

 ural-4x4.jpg

 Ural 4x4

http://rde2005.ntagil.ru/?link=44


 

 kerzhak-4x4-2005.jpg

 Kerzhak or Kerzhakov 4x4, 2005, from Transmash, Nizhny-Novgorod, 98 hp, empty mass 2650/3650, ground pressure 0,12 kg/cm², speed 50 km/h, 5 km/h in water, length 5850 mm. Front portal axle comes from Belarus tractor, suspension all around.    

http://www.off-road-drive.ru/archive/15/Podveski_dlya_vezdehoda

 

 


harp-r-zvm-1.jpg

Harp-R ZVM, new prototype of ZVM in 2010.

http://www.zvm-nn.ru/

 

lopasnya-on-base-uaz-2-2.jpg

Lopasnya of Arktiktrans on base of UAZ, on tyres Arktiktrans. Others brand of low ground pressure thin-walled tyres in Russia are Trecol and Avtoros.

http://arctictrans.ru/

nami-044-1958.jpg

NAMI 044, 1958, on arches tires Straussler Lysoïd like, tested for agriculture. Empty mass 4,1 t, Payload 2 t, 135 hp diesel engine. Tested at Karkiv, results were good and economic but tracked vehicles was said to have better traction. Meanwhile, articulated wheeled K-700 Kirovets had been series built in 1969 at Kirov Plant at Leningrad with success.

 Pict from book of Alain Dupouy, Auto-éditeur : 'Les véhicules tout-terrain N° 11 Tome I'. 1995.

 

 

gaz-44-with-roll-tires-at-rear.jpg

GAZ-44 with roll tires at rear. Pict from book of Alain Dupouy 'Les Véhicules tout terrain' N°11 Tome I, Généralités, Dupouy Editor, 1995.

nami-044.jpg

NAMI 044 tractor prototype, 1957, with hoops tires. These tires were elaborated by Gorki (Nizhny Novgorod) Automobile Plant and Moscow Institute of Pneumatics. Pict from book of Alain Dupouy, Auto-éditeur : 'Les véhicules tout-terrain N° 11 Tome I'. 1995.

 

ipv-4t95.jpg

IPV 4T95, 4x4, of the 70s, from IVP Insvestigacion y Protection de vehiculos Especiales, Pontenova, Lugo, Espagna. www.offroadvehicle.ru/AZBUCAR/SPA/SPA txt.html

 

barreiros-comando-tma265.jpg

Barreiros Commando TMA265, 2 1/2 t, with Lysoïd Straussler tires, commercially available. Fom Espagna. Pict from the book of Bart H. Vanderveen ‘The Observers Army vehicles Directory to 1940’, Warne, 1974.

 

 

buggy-in-florida-everglades-2.jpg

Buggy in Florida Everglades at Fakahatchee Strand for guides swamp trips.

http://www.flickr.com/search/groups/?w=1031915%40N21&m=pool&q=swamp+buggy

 


latil-type-tl-1924-1.jpg

Latil Type TL, 1924 at

Marius Berliet Foundation , Le Montellier, France, 2005 05. Pict J M M.

 

fiat-spa-tl-37-trattore-3.jpg

Fiat SPA TL 37 Trattore. Pict J M M at Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2007 06.

 



fiat-spa-tl-37-trattore-2.jpg

Fiat SPA TL 37 Trattore at Sourdun Forest, France, September 1993. Pict J M M.


fiat-spa-tl-37-trattore-1.jpg

Fiat SPA TL 37 Trattore seen at Locomotion en fête, La Ferté Alais, France on June 5 1993. This rare vehicle is the same as above but not at the same spot. Pict J M M.

 

spa-tl-37-and-tm40-1937-and-1941.jpg

SPA TL 37 and TM40, 1937 and 1941 produced by SPA, Societa Piemontese Automobil, Torino, until 1948, no long after it was bought by Fiat and became 2 years later Iveco for production of trucks in Italy. www.offroadvehicle.ru/AZBUCAR/SPA/SPA txt.html

 

alfa-romeo-tm40-tractor-4x4-1938-39.jpg

Alfa Romeo TM40  tractor prototype, 4x4, 1938-39. Pict from the book of Bart H. Vanderveen ‘The Observers Army vehicles Directory to 1940’, Warne, 1974.

 

spa-tl37-tractor-4x4-from-1936.jpg

Spa TL37 tractor, 4x4, from 1936, from Italy. Pict from the book of Bart H. Vanderveen ‘The Observers Army vehicles Directory to 1940’, Warne, 1974.

 

 


amphibious-trippel-sg-6-vehicle-1.jpg

Amphibious Trippel SG 6 Vehicle, 1/4-ton, Model 1942. Inventor, Hans Trippel built this amphibious for military and civilian use. Independent suspensions and flat bottom for enhanced off-road and water capabilities. Picture taken by J M M at an exhibition at la Defense, near Paris, on May 1988. Model came from Saumur Museum.

 

trippelwagen-1935.jpg

Trippelwagen, 1935, of the

Saumur museum pictured here at Rétromobile, Paris. Designed by the engineer Trippel, it was a 4x4, and on water speed reached 10 km/h combining driven wheels and a propeller. Pict J M M, 2010 01.

 

trippel-sg638-1941.jpg

Trippel SG638, 1941, built from 1937 at 1000 units. Equipped with our independent wheels, 6 cylinders engine and retractable propeller, 16 men could be transported. Four units still exist today. Pict J M M at Rétromobile, Paris, 2012 02 03.

 

renault-prairie-4x4-al.jpg

Renault Prairie 4x4. Pict J M M at la Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2010 06.

 

renault-prairie-4x4-1.jpg

Renault Prairie 4x4. Pict J M M at La Ferté Alais, 2008 06.

 

renault-prairie-4x4-1950.jpg

Renault Prairie 4x4, 1950. Documentation J M M from Renault brochure.

renault-prairie-4x4.pdf Renault-prairie-4x4.pdf

 

renault-prairie-4x4.jpg

Renault Prairie 4x4. 4x2 and 4x4 models were produced in France at 43000 units between 1950 and 1957. Pict J M M at La Ferté Alais on 2005 06.

 

bucher-tractomobil-tm-1000-l-2-1.jpg

Bucher-Tractomobil TM 1000 L, from Switzerland.

bucher-tractomobil-tm-1000.pdf Bucher-tractomobil-tm-1000.pdf

 

reform-muli.jpg

Reform Muli, from Austria. http://www.reform.at/fr/telechargement/catalogue-en-ligne.html

 reform-muli.pdf Reform-muli.pdf

 

aebi-mountain-tractor.jpg

Aebi mountain tractor from Aebi & Co AG Maschinenfabrik, Hochdorf, Swizerland.  Pict J M M , Euroforest, St Bonnet de Joux, 2010 06

 

transporter-aebi-vi450-4x4.jpg

Transporter Aebi VI450 , 4x4, from Switzerland. Many brands of little agricultural trucks are built to be used in mountainous countries like Switzerland or Austria. http://www.aebi-schmidt.com/en/products/287/244

transporter-aebi-tp48.jpg

Transporter Aebi TP48, from Switzerland. http://www.aebi-schmidt.com/en/products/287/244

reform-muli-t10-x-lw.jpg

Reform Muli T10-X-LW of Reform Werke, Austria, is an off-road 4x4 truck for

mountain agriculture. They have many models with four equal wheels and rather low for slopes. http://www.reform.at/fr/telechargement/catalogue-en-ligne.html

reform-muli-4x4.pdf Reform-muli-4x4.pdf

 

gaz-61-4x4-1939.jpg

GAZ-61, 4x4, 1939. Pict from book of Alain Dupouy, Auto-éditeur : 'Les véhicules tout-terrain N° 12 Tome II'. 1995.

 

rolligons-fitted-to-a-jeep-1953.jpg

Rolligons fitted to a Jeep, 1953. See Chap 'Rolligons and Terra Tires'.

Picture from book of Fred Crismon ‘US Military Wheeled Vehicles’, Crestline Publishing (Motorbook), 1983.

 

jeep-fc-forward-control.jpg

Jeep FC Forward Control produced by Willys, Kaiser Jeep and then American Motors from 1956 to 1965 is equipped here with oversized tires. http://blog.cardomain.com/2009/10/02/the-baddest-jeep-forward-control-truck-in-the-world-on-ebay/

jeep-fc-170-1957.jpg

Jeep FC-170, 1957. http://www.motorstown.com/48343-willys-jeep-fc-170.html

 

jeep-cj5-in-1964.jpg

Jeep CJ5 of Larry Minor for hill climbing in 1964. Note triple tires at rear.    http://www.jpmagazine.com/

techarticles/wheels/154_0606_tires_and_wheels

_old_school/photo_01.html

 

hummer-h1.jpg

Hummer H1 from Youtube : H1_on_Mattracks_in_the_snow

 

hummer-in-2004.jpg

Hummer in 2004. J M M at Ballainvillers near Paris.

hummer-2.jpg

Hummer. J M M at Ballainvilliers in 2005.

 

home-built-4x4.jpg

Home built 4x4 from Hungary.      http://www.agroinform.com/aprohirdetes/635315/Egyedi-gyartasu-nadarato-gep.html

bussing-mb-3-amphibian.jpgbussing-mb-3-amphibian-1.jpg

Büssing MB-3 Amphibian. 98 km/h on land, 11 on water.  Pict from the book of Karl Anweiler 'Prototypen und Sonderfahrzeuge der Bundeswher seit 1956', Motorbuch Verlag, 2004.

 

 

Büssing MB-3 Amphibian. J M M at Koblenz Museum, Germany, 2000 10.

 

 


marmon-bocquet-mb-800-amphibious-proto.jpg

Marmon-Bocquet MB 800, amphibious prototype, about the early 70s. 150 hp, coil spring suspension. Pict from the book of Bart H. Vanderveen ‘The Observers Military vehicles Directory' from 1945’, Warne, 1972.

 

SUMB-Simca-Unic-Marmon-Bocquet.jpg

SUMB Simca Unic Marmon Bocquet, 4x4 built at more than 7000 copies between 1964 and 1973 for French Army. Payload 1500 kg or 12 men, speed 80 km/h. Replaced by Saviem TP3. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mariuszkoscinski/4429472053/

Marmon-Herrington SAF

 

marmon-herrington-jumbo-5-t-truck.jpg

Marmon Herrington Jumbo 5 t truck, Indianapolis, Indiana. Picture from the booklet RAVE I (Remote Area Vehicle Evaluation I at Pontiac, Michigan), US ATAC Research and Engineering Directorate, 29 Oct 1962.

 

marmon-bocquet-mn-600bs-4x4-1963.jpg

Marmon Bocquet-MN-600BS, 4x4, 1963

 

brimont-latil-forestry-tractor-tl73-1974.jpg

Latil forestry tractor TL73, from 1974 to1980 by Brimont, Latil division, at Rilly la Montagne, France. Pictured by J M M at Leimbach, Haut-Rhin, 2012 08 17

 

Brutt-Brimont.jpg

Brutt Brimont 4x4, Peugeot engine 95 hp, 105 km/h, manufactured from the 80s to 1992 with 3 lockable differentials, empty mass : 2 t, payload : 1,5 t, helicoid spring suspension front, leaf spring at rear.

Brutt 4x4 Brimont

Brutt Brimont

 

jeep-m-715.jpg

Jeep M 715. Pict J M M, La Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2010 06.

 

proto-staff-car-1916.jpg

Proto staff car 1916 from site www.militaryphotos.net the wheels are coil spring suspended without tires.

mud-cog-on-land-rover.jpg

Mud Cog on Land Rover. With this widener of wheels, 4x4 performed better in mud. They were made by Snell Engineering, Teovil, Somerset, England. Pict from Popular Science, Feb 1987.

rock-crawling.jpg

Rock Crawling from www.krpb.ru

 

proto-4x4-for-trial-of-the-les-deroches-club.jpg

Proto for trial 4x4 of the 'Les Deroches Club' at Morzine, France, during Toyota Land Cruizer concentration. Toyota engine, Unimog axles and actuators which allow each "leg" up individually about a meter tall!ttp://www.4x4rdv.com/reportage/sorties/74/2e-concentration-du-club-toyota.html?page=3

 

my-bronco.jpg

My Bronco with active suspension from youtube : 3wheeldrive  //mybronco2.com.avi

 

 

my-bronco-1.avi

hilux-custom-4x4.jpg

HiLux Custom 4x4 with active suspension.    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=drrrtkmg0Hw&list=PLEDFB3E8089B817CF&index=5&feature=plpp_video  : 4WD Action 112 DVD - HiLux Custom

 

seiga-4x4.jpg

Seiga 4x4 from Hungary. These one are towards Le Havre, France, to clean the Seine estuary. Pict from 'Revue des Engins' of Aipethoac of F. Pierre, June 2005.

 

 vehicle-for-tour-in-swamps-of-florida.jpg

 Vehicle for tour in swamps of Florida found on ebay on 2007.

 

 crossing-axles-on-internet.jpg

Crossing axles on Internet in the 2000s.

 whiteknight-offroading.jpg

 WhiteKnight, Alberta, Canada, off-roading in 2008.

 rock-crawling-on-internet-2.jpg

 Rock crawling on Truckworld Site

 rock-crawling-on-internet.jpg

 Rock Crawling on Internet : www.off-road.com

 

altrak-tk-4-1965.jpg

Altrak TK-4, 1965 from farmphoto by Walter Ruda. http://www.farmphoto.com/thread.aspx?mid=241591

calzolari-tractor.jpg

Calzolari Tractor from www.farmphoto.com

 

citrroen-4x4-1946.jpg

Citroën 4x4, 1946. This prototype was built and used at La Ferté Vidame Center, France. From La Vie de l'Auto, 27 feb 1997.

dune-buggy-at-port-heiden-alaska.jpg

Dune Buggy at Port Heiden, Alaska. http://www.lswilson.ca/dunebuggy.jpg

 

latil-1959.jpg

Latil, 1959, 65 hp. Pict J M M at Forexpo, Mimizan, France on 2012 06.

latil-fwd.jpg

Latil FWD. Latil was the first (1898) to build a front wheel drive and steering axle. 2000 4x4 gun tractors were produced during WWI.  Picture from book of Nick Baldwin 'The Illustrated History of Off-Road Vehicles' Haynes Publishing, 1987.

martinet-tractor-1920.jpg

Martinet Tractor, 1920, on the base of Citroën B2. Pict J M Maclou, Rétromobile, Paris, 2012 02 03.

 

latil-tl.jpg

Latil TL. Pict J M M at Loco en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2009 06 13.

mobility-device-on-tractor.jpg

m-a-n-ackerdiesel.jpg

 

Mobility device on MAN tractor. J M M at La Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2005 05 12.

 

 


M A N Ackerdiesel. Attachment on rear wheels were used to increase traction. Latil had a similar system. Pict J M M at Loco en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2009 06 13.

case-tractor.jpg

Case Tractor in the 20s. Pict J M M at Rétromachines, Cordelles, France, 2009 08.

 

4x4-from-offroadvehicle-ru.jpg

4x4 from www.offroadvehicle.ru. It looks like a County.

 

laffly-w-15-t.jpg

Laffly W 15 T of Saumur Museum seen at Villepinte in 2008 06. Pict J M M.

laffly-v-15r-4x4.jpg

Laffly V-15R 4x4 reconnaissance vehicle during WWII in 1940. Composition specially painted for the review : 'L'automobiliste' by Alain Chevrier for an interesting issue N° 54 of Jan-Mar 1980 dealing with Laffly from 1934 to 1945 and written by Christian-H. Tavard.

laffly-1934-45-l-automobiliste.pdf Laffly-1934-45-l-automobiliste.pdf

 

hotchkiss-4x4-1937.jpg

Hotchkiss 4x4, 1937.http://slovari.yandex.ru/~книги/Военные автомобили/ГОЧКИСС/

 


laffly-4x4-1.jpg

Laffly 4x4 at Saumur Museum on Feb 2002. Pict J M M.

 

 

laffly-4x4-r15r-1936-37.jpg

Laffly 4x4 R15R, 1936-37. Caster crossing are typical of Laffly vehicles. Pict. from Charge Utile, 1992

 

 

 

4x4-trailer.jpg

4x4 trailer whose wheels can be driven from PTO of the tractor. Pict J M M at Forexpo, Bordeaux, 2008 06.

2141239-hutdins-track-wheel.jpg

Canadian patent N°2141239 Track device having wheel widening effect used for Hutdins Track-wheel. See Chapter 'One, 2 or 3 wheeled vehicles'. http://patents.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/patent/2141239/summary.html

 

scm-tractor.jpg

SCM, Stéphanoise de Construction Mécanique,  St Etienne, France, 4x4 Tractor. Doc J M M.

 scm-articulated-4x4-h.pdf Scm-4x4-h.pdf

 

jungle-jeep-1988.jpgjungle-jeep.jpg

Jungle Jeep Amphibious ATV, 1988, built in aluminum and with hydrostatic drive. Speed 24 km/h, 50 hp Renault R14 Industrial, Manufacturer was in Buffalo, MN. This ATV was to sell on ebay in 2005.

 

swamp-buggy-ford-coleman-1951.jpg

Swamp Buggy Ford Coleman, 1951, from Internet.

 swamp-buggy-ford-coleman-1951-h.pdf Swamp-buggy-ford-coleman-1951-h.pdf

 

 

 

amphibious-vehicle.jpg

Amphibious vehicle seen on the site www.englishrussia.com; nice but not off-road.

 

cat-loader-with-michelin-tweel-tyres-2006.jpg

CAT Loader with Michelin Tweel tyres type X-Crane AT, 2006. Wheel compound of a tread connected to the rim by flexible spokes. Pict J M M at Intermat, Villepinte, 2006 06.

tomark-custom-rubber-tracks-on-wheels.jpg

Tomark Custom Rubber Tracks on wheels, about 2000. Doc J M M.

intrac-4x4-tractor.jpg

Intrac 4x4 tractor with Terra tires. Intrac, new concept launched by Deutz- Fahr in 1972 together with MB-Trac of Mercedes. From www.farmphoto.com

 

vaz-1922-4x4.jpg

VAZ 1922, 4x4, about mid 2000s. http://www.auta5p.eu/katalog/bronto/vaz_1922_01.php

 

4x4-from-russia-unimog-like.jpg

4x4 from Russia Unimog like    www.zvm-nn.ru

tpom-4x4-2.jpg

TPOM 4x4 from Youtube : ТРОМ роликовый на гусеницах. Снегоболотоход

 

krepich-forteresse-of-gaz-66.jpg

Krepich-forteresse of GAZ 66 fitted with tire hoops, Lypsoïd like. http://krepish.ucoz.ru/index/0-2

grillo-pk-1000-of-profpark.jpg

Grillo PK 1000 of Profpark from youtube : PK 1000 гру

Multrac forestry vehicle in the 70s. From Alpages et Forêts, Veyrier du Lac, France. Doc J M M.

multrac.pdf Multrac.pdf

 

Unimog-401-1.jpg

Unimog 401 is the first Unimog for agriculture, whose 700 were manufactured at Göppingen from 1949 to 1951. After bought by Daimler-Benz, Unimog was produced at Gaggenau . Power was 25 hp at the beginning, then 30, fitted with portal axles and long travel helicoidally spring suspensions. A true all terrain !! Pict J M M at La Loco en Fête, La Ferté-Alais, May 2000.

Unimog-401-2.jpg

Unimog 401. Pict J M M at La Loco en Fête, La Ferté-Alais, May 2000.

Unimog--401-3.jpg

Unimog 401 still built in mid 50s became U411 manufactured until 1963.

Unimog-S.jpg

Mercedes Unimog S from 1955 was a little truck with longer wheelbase and smaller wheels for civilian and military use. Doc J M M from Mercèdes.

Mercedes Unimog S

 

Unimog-406.jpg

Unimog 406 unveilled in 1963. Engine from 65 hp to 110 hp in 1988. In 2000, U300, U400, U500 were new and produced at Wörth am Rhein from 2002. 320.000 copies had been produced at Gaggenau.

 

unimog.jpg

Unimog. Pict from J M Maclou, Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2012 06.

 

Tracteur-Collard-Overtrak.jpg

Tracteur Collard Overtrak or OVT 100 prototype of Collard Company-CMV unveiled in 1983. This new hydrostatic transmission tractor was fitted with Deutz engine 90 hp, hydraulic engines, brakes in each wheel, 4 wheels steering and crab, suspension by hydro-pneumatic actuator with 20 cm of travel, variable ground clearance from 65 to 85 cm. It was automatic self-leveling. Doc J M M.

 overtrak-of-collard-company-1983-h.pdf Overtrak-of-collard-company-1983-h.pdf

 


tempo-g-1200-1938-1.jpg

Tempo G 1200, 4x4, 1938, from Vidal & Sohn Tempo-Werk GmbH, Harburf-Withelmsburg, near Hambourg, Germany. With 2 engines 2x19hp, 2 swinging half-axles, steering front and rear, independent suspensions : 6 helicoidally springs, tubular frame, 1253 were produced, mainly during 1936-39, for Finland, Romania, Sweden, and Denmark. Equipped with spare wheels on sides, supposed to help to move better, it was suitable for army, off-roading, hunting, forestry, building sites, survey work. Speed 68 km/h. Pict from Wheels and Tracks N° 35, 1991.

 

Tempo-Vidal-G-1200.jpg

 

Tempo Vidal G 1200 of Vidal & Sohn. Pict J M M at Strägnäs, Sweden, 2010 04

 

VB-100-Bison-4x4-Amphibious.jpg

VB 100 Bison 4x4 Amphibious : studied by Victor Bouffort, first proto VB 120 was built in 1955 by Batignolles-Chatillon subsidiary of Creuzot-Loire and tested between 1956 and 1960. 5 copies of VB 100, bigger, were built in 1968 and the project abandoned in 1975. Empty mass 1300 kg, payload 2 t, speed 120 km/h, Chabay engine 90 hp. This picture by J M M represents a fire-fighting VB 100 at Saumur Tank Museum in 2006.

VB 100 Bison

 

raba-tractor.jpg

Raba Tractor with hoops tires .  from www.forums.index.hu

 

econ-spreader-for-agriculture.jpg

Econ spreader for agriculture in the 70s. Now, the Econ Engineering Ltd, Otley, North Yorkshire, born in 1959, manufactures salt spreaders for roads. J M M Doc.

 

Low-Ground-Tyre-1928.jpg

Low-Pressure Tyre, 1928, from J.A. Musselman at Chicago could be the ancestor of Rolligon and Terra-Tires. Pict from Modern Mechanics, 1928.

 

carmix-concrete-mixer.jpg

Carmix concrete mixer from Italia. Pict J M M at Villepinte, June 2012.      http://www.carmix.com/en/products4x4-mixer-and-drumpers

fiat-211r-4x4.jpg

Fiat 211R 4x4. Pict from the review 'Tracteurs Passion et Collection' Jan-fev 2012.

fwd-blue-ox.jpg

FWD Blue Ox, used from 1956 to 1960, was one of the first skidder built by Wagner Brothers. Its limitations were its rigid chassis.  http://www.fao.org/docrep/52298f/52298f0b.htm

gaz-69c-1960-61.jpg

GAZ-69C, 1960-61 with oversized tires.       http://avtocn.org.ua/2011/03/17/gaz-69-obrazec-dlya-odnogo-iz-variantov-prototipa-gaz-62/

modified-gaz-69.jpg

Modified GAZ-69         http://avtocn.org.ua/2011/03/17/gaz-69-obrazec-dlya-odnogo-iz-variantov-prototipa-gaz-62/

mtvou-2-of-nami-4.jpg

MTVOu-2 of Nami in the 50s. Pict from book of Alain Dupouy, Auto-éditeur : 'Les véhicules tout-terrain N° 11 Tome I'. 1995.

russian-prototype-mvtu-2-1958-2.jpg

Russian Prototype MVTu-2, 1958, proto issued of GAZ-69 to test roll tires 'Rolligon like' by Gorky Automotive Institute, Bauman Institute of Moscow and Nami Institute. See Chap 'Rolligons and Terratires'  http://avtocn.org.ua/2011/03/17/gaz-69-obrazec-dlya-odnogo-iz-variantov-prototipa-gaz-62/

 

zil-132s-1964.jpg

ZIL 132S, 1964, conceived by SBK Grachev had Hydraulic motors moving rear rolls. Vehicles as Airoll like PCU-1  were better when ZIL 132S  bogged down with too high rolling resistance. Hoops tyres had lower torque and rolls wore out quickly on roads. http://strangernn.livejournal.com/546661.html

vehicle-to-move-in-snow.jpg

Vehicle to move on ice on the base of GAZ-69, developed by conceptors of Oulianovsk Automobile Plant. http://avtocn.org.ua/2011/03/17/gaz-69-obrazec-dlya-odnogo-iz-variantov-prototipa-gaz-62/

sisu-4x4-a-45-kb-45-1965.jpg

Sisu 4x4 A-45/KB-45, 1965, from Finland. The flexible frame helps moving on uneven terrains. An hydraulically powered trailer could be added. Picture from book of Nick Baldwin 'The Illustrated History of Off-Road Vehicles' Haynes Publishing, 1987.

tgw-4x4-5-t-modified-truck.jpg

TGW, 4x4, 5 t modified truck   http://www.tgwforums.com/post?id=5320567&trail=25

 

meili-off-road-crane.jpg

 

Meili off-road crane from Viktor Meili in the 80s. Speed 45 hm/h. Picture from book of Gerold Röthlin ‘From Autotractor to modern special vehicles’ from Verlag Gerold Röthlin, Kriens, 2004.

ford-gpa-amphibious-1942.jpg

 

Ford GPA, Amphibious, 1942. 12800 units were produced until 1943 whose 3250 for Russian Army. This one was modified in the 60s. Pict J M M at Rétromobile, Paris, 2012 02 03.

hobbycar-1995.jpg

 

Hobbycar, 1995, built by François Wardavoir and Serge Desmarais was very sophisticated. Peugeot engine 1900 cc, 2 hydrojets, hydraulic suspensions, composite material body, 140 km/h on land, 16 km/h on water, it was the first amphibian made in France for civilian market. Pict J M M at Rétromobile, Paris, on 2012 02 03.

reform-mounty-100v-gyrocrusher.jpg

 


Reform Mounty 100V Gyrocrusher. Pict J M M at  Forexpo, Mimizan, France on 2012 06.

staub-lunic-1961.jpglunic-tractor-1.jpg

 

Staub Lunic, 1961, wheeled and tracked tractor, built in Hérault. Marketed  following to agreement between Blank, Blanc and Staub. Picture from the book of Christian Descombes : ‘Encyclopédie des tracteurs fabriqués en France des origines à nos jours’, ETAI, Boulogne-Billancourt, 2001.

Lunic tractor conceived by Karl Blank for Unirag. Joseph Blanc at Lunel imported the Lunic in France. Equipped for skid steering and FWD,  this tractor could have wheels and tracks : when wheels sank, track added traction. See the good site for vineyard tractors made in Hérault (Montpellier, Bézier).    www.tracteurdevigne.jimdo.com

 valor-motriss-4-prestige.jpg

 

Valor Motriss 4 Prestige with FWD and FWS, hydrostatic steering in the 60s. Picture from the book of Christian Descombes : ‘Encyclopédie des tracteurs fabriqués en France des origines à nos jours’, ETAI, Boulogne-Billancourt, 2001.

valor-escalator-straddle-tractor-1969.jpg

 

Valor Escalator straddle tractor,

1969. Picture from the book of Christian Descombes : ‘Encyclopédie des tracteurs fabriqués en France des origines à nos jours’, ETAI, Boulogne-Billancourt, 2001.

 

axiss-of-grv-straddle-tractor.jpg

Axiss of GRV straddle tractor, Péronne, France, used for vineyard. FWD and hydrostatic transmission.       http://www.grv-production.com/ovtract/axiss-8521-14.html  and youtube : Axiss par Grosjean René Viticole      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x7vkomo5DsQ&feature=related      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e1VMYcc4bUg

personnel-transport-tp13-of-france-loader-4x2.jpg

Personnel transport TP13 of France Loader, 4x2. Pict of J M Maclou at Rodolphe Pit, MDPA : Mines Domaniales  de Potasses d’Alsace, Ecomusée d’Alsace and Conseil Général du Haut-Rhin, France 2012 08.

personnel-transport-vehicle.jpg

Personnel  transport vehicle. Pict of J M Maclou at Rodolphe Pit, MDPA : Mines Domaniales  de Potasses d’Alsace, Ecomusée d’Alsace and Conseil Général du Haut-Rhin, France, 2012 08.

volvo-sugga-tp21-raptgb-915.jpg

Volvo Sugga TP21 raptgb 915 produced at Gothenburg, Sweden,  from 1953 to 1958 at 725 units, mainly used as radio command car. Its very good off-road performances made it use in Swedish Army for three decades. Pict J M M at Rétromobile, Paris, 2007 02.

 

volvo-4x4-carrier-l3304.jpg

Volvo 4x4 Carrier L3304. J M M at La Locomotion en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2004 05 12

 

Dodge-4x4-1935.jpg

Dodge 4x4, 1935, dual front tires. Picture from book of Fred Crismon ‘US Military Wheeled Vehicles’, Crestline Publishing (Motorbook), 1983.

 

 

Dodge-W-500-Power-Wagon.jpg

Dodge W 500 Power Wagon with Goodyear Terra-Tires prototype of McKenzie, Houston, Texas in 1959. Doc J M M from Dodge.

Dodge W 500 Power Wagon with Terra-tires

Dodge-Power-Wagon-on-Terra-Tires-19641.jpg

Dodge Power Wagon on Terra-Tires, 1964, in tropical jungle of Panama with tank trailer for water or fuel. Pict from 'Argus' 27 Feb 1964.

Terra-Tires

 

dodge.jpgdodge-4x4.jpg

Dodge with oversized tires in Australia.    http://www.oldcmp.net/hcvs_2.html

 

 

 

Dodge 4x4.  Pict J M M at Loco en Fête, La Ferté Alais, 2009 06 13.

 


bear-proto-4x4-1.jpg

Proto Bear 4x4 issued from UAZ 452.

 

home-made-4x4-vehicle.jpg

Homemade 4x4, very light vehicle, from Russia,  from youtube : Биг-Фут

krepich-forteresse-of-gaz-66.jpgatp-fortress-on-gaz-66-11-2008.jpg

 

 

Krepich-forteresse of GAZ 66 fitted with hoops tires , Lypsoïd like. http://krepish.ucoz.ru/index/0-2

 

 

ATP Fortress on GAZ-66-11, 2008, 40 km/h, with hoops tires, VTT SaTras, Tver region.          http://strannik.flyboard.ru/topic319.html  and  http://krepish.ucoz.ru/photo     and   http://satras.ru/

 

gaz-66-with-portal-axle.jpg
seaver.jpg

Seaver ZVM issued of GAZ-3308, the ZVM-3966 Seaver was conceived at the end of 2008. The classic idea is to fit big wheels on portal axles with reduction in the hub witch lowers ground pressure and increases ground clearance. http://girtek.ru/tekhnika/siver.php               http://extreme-nk.ru/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=1131&p=17321

uaz-452-modified-2005.jpg

UAZ 452 modified, 2005            

 

fordson-with-straussler-tyres-1949.jpg

Fordson with Straussler tyres, 1949. The low ground pressure  Lypsoïd tyres were made by Nicholas Straussler Company, London. Pict. from 'Ford Tractor conversions' by Stuart Gibbard, Press Book, 1995.

 


straussler-tires-on-tractors-1.jpg

Straussler tires on tractors, upper twin-Ford-engine 4x4 truck and below a St Chamond tractor in the 50s. Pict from review Wheels & Tracks N° 36, 1991.


floating-wheels-of-straussler-1.jpg

Floating wheels of Straussler mounted on Nuffield/Wolseley FV 1800 Mudlark vehicle. They were also tested on Jeep and Austin Champ. Pict from review Wheels & Tracks N° 36, 1991.

 

gaz63-truck-fitted-with-hoops-tires.jpg

GAZ63 truck fitted with hoops tires.           http://tehno.claw.ru/shared/auto/information/2-107.htm

 

ZIS150-1957-fitted-with-hoops-tires.jpgzil-130-fitted-with-hoopd-tires-at-rear.jpg

 

ZIS150, 1957, fitted with hoops tires, looking like Lypsoïd tyres of Straussler. http://tehno.claw.ru/shared/auto/information/2-107.htm

 

 

ZIL 130 fitted with hoops tires at rear. Pict from book of Alain Dupouy 'Les Véhicules tout terrain' N°11 Tome I, Généralités, Dupouy Editor, 1995.

 

Articulated-4x4-from-Surgut-region-2008.jpg

Articulated 4x4 from Surgut region, 2008. www.strannik.flyboard.ru

lopasnya-on-base-uaz-2-2.jpg

Lopasnya, 2008-2010, modified UAZ 452, low pressure tires are mounted on original axles.

 

Barca-of--Uzhur.jpg

Barca (or Leopard) of Uzhur of Krasnoïark, Russia.

Avtogalosha-Vork-2008.jpg

Avtogalosha, 2008, prototyp of Metelisa tested by people of Dubna, Russia. A that time, proto was not directional, it went straight.

 www.strannik-v.ru

 

Avtogalosha-Drive-Tests1.jpg

Avtogalosha Drive Tests to enhance friction. www.strannik-v.ru

 

Ford-Thames-Trader-mounted-on-Terra-Tires1.jpg

Ford Thames Trader mounted on Terra-Tires for use in sand in 1961. Below, a Bedford truck and Dyson trailer on marshy ground. J M M collection.

 

county-4x4.jpg

County 4x4 in the 50s. Pict from site www.farmphoto.com

 

county-aicraft-tug-1967.jpg

County Aicraft tug, 1967.  Picture from book ‘County’ of Stuart Gibbard, Farming Press, 1997.

county-four-drive.jpg

County Four Drive.  Picture from book ‘County’ of Stuart Gibbard, Farming Press, 1997.

 

County--Four-Drive.jpg

County Four Drive introduced in 1954. Based on the crawler unit, the front wheels were chain driven from the rear axle. It was skid steered and could tow 60 T. From site www.farmphoto.com

County-Muli-50.jpg

County Muli 50, FWD, 46 hp, was an Austrian built tractor-transporter imported in England by County in the 80s.  Pict Power Farming, March 1983.

 

county-muli.jpg

County Muli, built and marketed by Reform Company in Austria from 1981 and imported by County. For high ground clearance of 0,8 m, vehicle was fitted with drop axle boxes and large diameter wheels.  Picture from book ‘County’ of Stuart Gibbard, Farming Press, 1997.

 

Laverda-4x4.jpg

Laverda 4x4 prototype from Laverda, Brefenza, Italia, in 1984 looks like a Pinzgauer Steyr Puch but the rigid chassis is associated with classic axles and suspensions. Pict from 'Autoverte', Sept 1983.

 

Brimont-Latil-Industrial-and-TP-tractor-TL-80.jpg

Brimont Latil Industrial and TP tractor TL 80, 110hp. Latil Company was created in 1898 after Georges Latil, the first, patented in 1897 a driven and steered front axle. After numerous alliances and names, Marcel Brimont acquired Société Latil Batignolles in 1974 but Brimont was bought by Bergerat-Monnoyeur (Caterpillar Importer) in 1987. Pict J M M collection, Brimont Brochure.

Brimont-Latil TL 80


Forestry-tractor-Agrip-Type-ARD-60-85-hp.jpg

Agrip Type ARD Forestry tractor, 60-85 hp. Agrip builds skidders and power line pullers since 1950 at Lignières, Cher, France. From mechanics works of 1930 to forestry tractors in the 70s, Maurice Duprat left his mark. In 1982, The company was sold to Cemet Company, subsidary of Renault Agriculture. Cemet-Agrip was sold in 1986 to Rauma-Repola of Finland but in 1989, Jacques Personnat became head of Agrip and today, the company maintains and parts of 4000 machines of more 20 years, renovates, refurbishes, and manufactures new tractors on demand. Pict J M M collection, Agip Brochure.

Agrip

 


agrip-ard-15-1.jpg

Agrip ARD 15, early 50s, 20 hp, mass 1450 kg, for agricultural, forestry and construction work built by Maurice Duprat of Agrip Tractor, Lignères, Cher, France. Picture J M M from Locomotion en fête, La Ferté Alais, 2004 06.

 

labourier-cl5-tractor-1.jpg

Labourier CL5 Forestry Tractor, early 60s, fitted with three points suspension. In 1923, Labourier manufactured textiles, electric equipment, bicycles and parts for buses and tractors. It became in 1946 the official importer of FWD trucks witch it built later. Till 1985, all production was built by the Society, particularly 500 trucks and 15000 tractors. Pict J M M collection, Labourier Brochure.

 Labourier CL5 Tractor

 

 

labourier-ldf-4x4.jpg

Labourier LDF 4x4 of the 50s. This one had dual wheels to run in sand. Labourier, Mouchard, Jura, France. Pict J M M collection, Labourier Brochure.

labourier-ldf-4x4.pdf Labourier-ldf-4x4.pdf

 

Seiga-4x4.jpeg

Seiga 4x4 from Tayreed

Company, Errol, Perthshire equiped with low ground pressure Rolligons. Seiga vehicles are built today in Hungary.

http://hajduboszormeny.olx.hu/seiga-nadarato-4x4-6x6-reed-harveter-iid-14800424

seiga-turtoise.pdf Seiga-Tortoise.pdf

 

seiga-4x4-1.jpg

Seiga 4x4 http://hy.bestpicturesof.com/n%C3%A1darat%C3%B3/1#Picasa

 

Bayerische-Traktoren-Universal-traktor-1960.jpg

Bayerische Traktoren, Universal traktor, München, 1960. Pict from 'Argus' March 1960, J M M collection.

Bayerische Traktoren, Universal traktor, 1960

Bayerische-Traktoren-Universal-traktor-1960-2.jpg

Bayerische Traktoren, Universal traktor, 1960.

Bayerische Traktoren, Universal traktor, 1960

 

mol-4x4-buggy.jpg

MOL 4x4 Buggy. J M M at Balainvilliers, 1989 06.

 

wheeled-off-road-vehicles-from-lunohodov-net-4.jpg

4x4 from Alexey Garagashyana     http://lunohodov.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=7253                         http://garagashyan.ru/

vtt-from-lunohodov-net.jpg

 

 

VTT from Lunohodov.net   http://lunohodov.net/forum/viewtopic.php?p=281512      



russian-4x4.jpg

Russian 4x4    

http://fotki.yandex.ru/users/ptaha1983/view/

451464/?page=3

climbing-trees.jpg

Climbing trees                http://vk.com/photo-28966895_291798552      http://vk.com/album-28966895_164743907

 bear-2.jpg

Bear-2.        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wUUlYcXnxZk

 balloon-tires-car-on-ice.jpg

 Balloon tires car on ice  http://fotki.yandex.ru/users/ptaha1983/view/

186344/?page=2

 4x4-from-alexey-garagashyana.jpg

 4x4 from Alexey Garagashyana   http://lunohodov.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=7253                      http://garagashyan.ru/

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