31 WHEELED ROBOTS AND LUNAR CARS

 

arthron-r-of-m-tecks-eac.jpg

Arthron-R of M-Tecks EAC, St Pantaléon-de-Larch, France. Designed by Fabrice Marsaleix, Mechanical Engineer, assisted by Effidence Company for electronics, this electric articulated robot, 500 to 600mm long has 3 hours autonomy when on batteries. Steering is operated by 2 cables along the robot that curves it right or left. Pitch control is operated by screw-nut system. Pict J M M at Villepinte on June 2012.            http://simanagement.

blogspot.fr/2011/12/demain-des-robots-patrouilleurs-pour.html

 

10x10-robot.jpg

10x10 robot around 2000, www.bangkok.net

dragon-runner-robot.jpg

Dragon Runner surveillance robot of Automatika Inc, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, headed by Hagen Schempf, now Qinetics,  and Cargenie Mellon University, about 2000. http://www.carnegie

mellontoday.com/

article.asp?Aid=134

 


tri-star-robot.jpg

Tri-Star II robot from 1995 of Hirose Lab (now Hirose and Fukushima Laboratories), Japan. This three wheeler omnidirectional robot with special wheels was designed for planetary exploration. http://www-robot.mes.titech.ac.jp/robot.html

 

Roboroc-of-Robosoft.jpgroboroc-robot-6x6.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

Roburoc 6x6 wheeled articulated robot of Robosoft, Bidart, France dates from 2006. Payload 100 kg, speed 13 km/h, 3 Li-Ion battery pack, vertical wall : 25 cm, mass 160 kg, max slope 45°, skid steering. http://www.robosoft.com/eng/sous_categorie.

php?id=1027

 

   

 

roburoc-6x6.jpg

Roburoc 6x6,     http://www.nanoblog.com/

past/2006/06/roburoc_6.htm

robosoft-roburoc.pdf Robosoft-roburoc.pdf

roburoc-from-isir-2010.jpg

Roburoc from ISIR, 2010, in Island with Ushuaia Team.  http://guliverdesign.com

/actu.html

 

roboroc-articulated-6x6.jpg

Roburoc 6 articulated 6x6. Pict J M M at Villepinte, 2008 06.

cutlass-from-remotec.jpg

Cutlass from Remotec http://www.jedsite.info/robots-charlie/charlie/cutlass_series/cutlass_series.html

 

 

 

Miniroc-indoor-robot.jpg

Mini indoor security robot from ECA, La Garde, France : INBOT, 2,1 kg, launchable. Many robots are manufactured by this brand. Note simplified transmissions to wheels used also with tracks. http://defense-update.com/products/m/miniROC.htm http://www.eca-robotics.com/index-fr.htm

M6 articulated mobile robot

M6 articulated mobile robot of Robovolc project of Università degli, Studi di Catania, Sicilia, in early 2000, used to explore volcanic environment. http://www.robovolc.dees.

unict.it/gallery/20010920%20-%20M6%

20Etna.htm

WorkPartner-Robot.jpg

WorkPartner Robot. From University of Helsinki. See Chapter : 'Self-levelling vehicles'. http://autsys.tkk.fi/en/WorkPartner/Media

 

Omnidirectional-robots-of-USU.jpg

Omnidirectional robots T1, T2, T3 of Utah State University in 1998-1999. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbUSbyOfL6s           

Praetor-Robot.jpg

Praetor Robot of Oto Melara. A little robot in the front can leave the Praetor.

Picture J M M in 2008 at Villepinte.

Wheeled-robots-of-the-2000.jpg

Wheeled robots of the 2000. Pictures J M M at Villepinte except low center (iRobot-LE, 1995). http://www.otomelara.it/OtoMelara/EN/Corporate/Product_and_Services/Robotics/Wheeled/index.sdo

Oto Melara OTO-TRP 1B UGV

Oto Melara Praetor

 

intervention-robots.jpg

Intervention robots. Pict J M M at Villepinte 2004 06.

 

robocup-2004-kohga-and-outdor-edition.jpg

Robocup 2004 at Lisbon, Kohga and Outdor Edition. http://www.faculty.jacobs-university.de/anuechter/robots.html

 

Robotic-Mule-6x6-Rex2--robotic-mule-from-isra.jpg

Robotic Mule 6x6 REX unveiled in 2009. It can carry 200 kg, Built by IAI, Israel. http://www.stratpost.com/israel-shows-off-robotic-mule

 

Quattroped-robot-2011.jpg

 

Quattroped robot, 2011, of National Taiwan University fitted with wheels or legs for uneven terrains. It looks like RHex of Boston Dynamics. http://www.robot

spacebrain.com/robot/the-quattroped/

National-taiwan-university-develops-a-leg-wheel-hybrid-mobila.mp4 from : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9N6Zb_K2Z0

 

quattroped-wheeled-leg-robot-a-mettre-en-ligne-2009-iros-1.pdf quattroped-wheeled-leg-robot-a-mettre-en-ligne-2009-iros-1.pdf

 

 

PAWL-40-robot-of-Collineo.jpg

PAWL-40 robot, 2007, of Collineo, Boucherville, Québec. Mobility system is inspired by Shrimp of EPFL, Lausanne. http://www.collineo.net/

Toolkit-of-Collineo.jpg

Toolkit surveillance robot of Collineo, Wheeled-legged robots with legs, which can bend, for better mobility.

 

Mini-whegs-robot.jpg

Mini-whegs robot with adhesive feet on vertical surface. University of Cleveland, Ohio. http://biorobots.cwru.edu/projects/climbing/

                                                                   Mini-Whegs-robot-2.jpg

Mini-Whegs robot can run fast over uneven terrains and over obstacles taller than their body length. Case Western Univ, Cleveland, Ohio. 

http://biorobots.cwru.edu/projects/whegs/miniwhegs.html

Whegs-II-Ultrasonic.jpg

Whegs II Ultrasonic of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, can detect too large obstacles to avoid them. The whegs can easily cross over others obstacles.

http://biorobots.cwru.edu/projects/

whegs/whegs.html

 

 Lunar-Electric-rover-2009.jpgchariot-lunar-rover-of-nasa-2008.jpg

Lunar Electric Rover, LER, 2009, 12x12, wheels can turn on themselves for steering. Pressurized for 2 astronauts with sleeping and sanitary for 14 days, it is designed for a trip of 1000 km at an average speed of 9,66 km/h. Variable ground clearance. http://airandspace.si.edu/imagedetail.cfm?

imageID=2258

 

Chariot Lunar Rover of NASA, 2008        http://usrc.blogspot.fr/

Jouney-jBot.jpg

Journey jBot 6x6 robot of 2005-2008 fitted with coil springs suspension and built by David Anderson Texas in his garage. http://www.geology.smu.edu/dpa-www/robo/jbot/index.html

 

Wheeler-6x6-robot.jpg

Wheeler 6x6 robot of 2008, from Granosik et al. and Technical University of Lodz, Poland. Equipped with passive joint as Genbu robot of S. Hirose. http://www.expo21xx.com/automation21xx/18935_st2_university/default.htm

iRobot-LE-robot-1999.jpg

iRobot LE, 1995, was the was the first multipurpose domestic robot of iRobot Corporation, controlled through the Web and cameras. Front wheels on articulated arm helped to climb stairs. http://www.irobot.com/filelibrary/ppt/corp/cool_stuff_ppt/img13.html

 

irobot-le-1995.jpg

iRobot LE              

 

GOAT-robot-2003.jpg

GOAT (Goes Over All Terrain) UGCV robot, 2003, 4x4 robot of Cargenie Mellon University and Georgia Tech. Actuated arms allows to cross obstacles and to remain horizontal. http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~trb/goat/

 

astro-car-of-paramount.jpg

Astro Car of Paramount Toys around 1970. http://projectswordtoys. blogspot.com/2009/11/lunar-climber -origin-by-blog-reader.html 

 

lunar-climber-paya.jpg

Lunar Climber of PAYA Toys, in the 70s, Spain. The Tri-star wheels are the same concept than Terrastar of Lockheed or Landmaster of Dan Jeffries. http://projectsword

toys.blogspot.fr/2008/09/lunar-climbers-go-go.html

 

Loper-robot.jpg

Loper robot, 2008, from University of Minnesota, uses tri-Star Wheels. http://www.tcdailyplanet.net/news/2011/12/22/department-defense-projects-bring-military-touch-civilian-research http://distrob.cs.umn.edu/loper.php

Epi_q-robot-1.jpg

Epi.q robot. The arms of the Tri-Star wheel can be unfolded for crossing larger obstacles. http://www.dimec.unige.it/pmar/pages/research/robot/mobile%20robot/epiqrobot.htm

Epi_q-robot.jpg

This Epi.q robot also studied by University of Genova has no foldable legs but 4 Tri-Star wheels.

 http://www.youtube

.com/watch?

v=6CMQfrJhHNw&feature=related

http://www.youtube

.com/watch?v=EuHxa

uea4LM

Epi_q-1-surveillance-robot.jpg

Epi.q-1 surveillance robot of Pr Joseph Quaglia from University of Torino, using a Tri-Star wheels whose legs can be folded or unfolded for large obstacles. Epicyclical transmission to the wheels by 2 degrees of freedom is simple, the whole set of wheels being driven automatically by an obstacle.

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5qA90v9w02o&feature=related

 

CKbot-robot.jpg

CKbot robot of University of Pennsylvania is a chain style modular robot small and inexpensive, manually reconfigurable for research on dynamic locomotion. http://www.ros.org/news/2010/04/robots-using-ros-modlabs-ckbots.html

 

asguard-and-ceasar-robots-sans-titre-fusion-02.jpg

sguard I and II, 2008, and Ceasar Robots of University of Bremen are 'whegs' robots. They were tested on a particularly well designed special track of the Robotic Center and Ceasar (below), the last of the family won 2009 ESA contest. http://robotik.dfki-bremen.de/en/research/robotsystems/asguard-i.html

Asguard Robot



Ceasar-Lunar-Robot-2008.jpg

Ceasar Lunar Robot, 2008. http://robotik.dfki-bremen.de/en/research/robotsystems/cesar.html

 

ANT-Project-of-RDDC.jpg

ANT articulated 6x6 Robot Project of RDDC Suffield, Alberta, in early 2000 as demonstrator to evaluate outdoor mobile robots, fitted with wheels and legs for top locomotion. Unmanned and autonomous. http://www.drdc-rddc.gc.ca/drdc/fr/sciences/prog/

Rover Sojouner for Mars Pathfinder, 1997. Pict from 'Science et Vie', Feb 1997.

Robot platforms probably from ALS, Autonomous Land Systems, DRDC, Canada about 2000s. In lower left corner it seems to be an interesting mobility configuration.

ERA robot in Desert Research Station, Utah, built by Advanced Spacesuit Lab of NASA for testing working both humans and robots. http://www.space.com/424-boudreaux-space-man-friend.html

CRAB  6x6 from ETH, Zurich,  Switzerland. http://www.asl.ethz.ch/robots/crab

 

hylos-robot-1.jpg

Hylos robot, 2003    http://www.itep.ws/pdf

http://HUDEM2002.pdf                  

 

 Hylos-robot-2003.jpg

Hylos robot, 2003, from Christophe Grand of Robotic Laboratory of Paris and CEA, Fontenay aux Roses, with hybrid leg-wheels.

 Hylos-robot.jpg

The same Hylos wheeled legged robot from about 2006-07 at Pierre et Marie Curie University, Paris. See Chap 'Self-leveling vehicles'. http://www.cnrs.fr/cw/dossiers/dosrob/legendes/hylos01.html http://www.cnrs.fr/paris-michel-ange/design-doc/Expo/Expo%20CNRS/www.cnrs.fr/CMA/dyna/articlef4c2.html?

id_article=520

 

Hylos-robot-2008.jpg

Hylos robot, 2008, from ISIR and Pierre and Marie Curie University. Its directional four wheeled legs gives it the capacity to reconfigure securing the difficult obstacle crossing in alternating modes of travel depending on the terrain. It easily passes the pure rolling on plan floor to the crossing type of discontinuity steps of staircase. http://guliverdesign.com/hylos.htmlhttp://www.cnrs.fr/cw/dossiers/dosrob/accueil/decouvrir/explorer/hylos.html

 

Lamalice-Robot-1999-2.jpg

Lamalice 4 wheels articulated nano-robot for planetary exploration and surveillance, from EPFL, Lausanne, 1999. Speed is 1 cm/s, 11 cm long, mass 30 g. The wheels are made of flexible blades radially fixed on the axis. On one hand this permits the wheels to be rolled up for transport, on the other hand a smooth movement of the gravity center is reached, which increases power efficiency of the obstacle overcome. http://projects.asl.ethz.ch/robox/database/other%20robots/page_01.htm

 

SpaceCat-Mobile-Robot.jpg

SpaceCat Mobile Robot of EPFL of Lausanne in 1999, mass 2 kg, + 2 kg payload, speed 5m/h. It can roll or walk with Tri-Star Wheels. http://library.epfl.ch/en/theses/?nr=2833&fmt=appendix http://ai.stanford.edu/~conti/spacecat.html

Shrimp-robot.jpg

Shrimp robot was built in early 2000 by EPFL, Lausanne. Bleubotics markets Shrimp III since 2005. This robot behaves like an articulated 6x6 (like Metrac of Meili or Gama-Goat) but fitted with a non-active pitch control (springs). Simple and effective. http://www.

sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/11/041130081240.htm

Shrimp.avi

Shrimp-III-of-Bleubotics.jpg

Shrimp III of Bleubotics SA., Switzerland, marketed in 2005. http://www.bluebotics.com/mobile-robotics/shrimp-3

Search-and-Rescue-robot-of-Temasek-Polytechni.jpg

Search and Rescue robot of Temasek Polytechnic at Singapore. This robot is issued from Shrimp of EPFL, Lausanne.

Octopus-robot-2004.jpg

Octopus robot, 2004, from EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland. When an obstacle was detected by the wheel deformation, mechanism moved arms in the right direction to overcome it. EPFL now ETH is at Zurich. http://www.asl.ethz.ch/robots/octopus

 

shrimp-epfl-robot.jpg

Shrimp EPFL Robot                                   

 

uptech-voyager-iv-robot.jpg

Uptech Voyager-IV Robot Development Platform marketed by Utech Robotics, China.  http://www.robotshop.com/uptech-voyager-iv.html

petrobas-robot.jpgher-robot.jpgher-robot-suspension.jpg

Petrobas robot from Petrobas robotics laboratory (CENPES), for collecting environmental information from Amazon regions.   http://www.nasa.gov/offices/oce/appel/ask/issues/38/38s_petrobras.html   and   httpwww.google.

frimgresstart=219&um=1&hl=fr&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.

mozillafrofficial&biw=1120&bih=641&tbm=isch&tbnid=GYwESK9ZyhF5jM&imgrefurl=httpwww.

emeraldinsight.

comjournals.htm%3Farticleid

%3D1958482%26show%3D

 

HER, Hybrid Environmental Robot, 2011, for use in Amazon forest belongs to the Brazilian energy firm Petrobas. It was developed by Piatam, Brazilian State University and Petrobas. It is fitted by 8 electric motors, almost spherical wheels and a very elaborated active suspension.      http://bob-basic.blogspot.fr/2011_03_01_archive.html   http://www.coep.ufrj.br/~gfreitas/projectsenglish.html                  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-58782010000400011

next-mars-rover-of-nasa-curiosity.jpg

Next Mars Rover of NASA, Curiosity, which landed on Mars on 2012 08 06.  http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/mission/rover/

n-7-robot.jpg

N° 7 Robot, 2009, is a 6 wheels experimental platform, each wheel with its motor hub wheels.  Suspension arms are controlled by other electric motors and detectors of obstacles to cross them. A spring suspension is incorporated too and an all automatic system improves performances.               http://projects.roboclub.ru/index.shtml?demon7

 

 

low-coast-personal-porter-robot.jpg

Low Coast Personal Porter Robot. It can follow its master.     http://www.diginfo.tv/v/11-0193-r-en.php

 gm-lunar-car-6x6.jpg

 GM Lunar 6x6 Car used as mobility test, early 60s. the drawing is on a postcard :   http://www.cardcow.com/322860/gm-mobility-test-article-transportation-space-rockets/

 foxbot-2006.jpg

 Foxbot, 2006, from Roboterwerk Gmbh, Germany. Independent suspension must be noticed.   http://www.roboterwerk.de/en/projekte_auf

tragsentw.html

 crawler-robot.jpg

 Crawler robot, 2011, RC,  powered by lithium batteries. Legs are flexible and can grip on different kind of surfaces. Sponsored by Trumpf Group, Ditzingen, Germany and Institute of Stuttgart http://afistofrap.blogspot.fr/2011/10/mechanik-laser-tv.html

marsokhod-1988-lama-1994-95-or-j-rover-1996.jpg

Marsokhod 1988, Lama 1994-95 or J-Rover 1996 from VNIITM.   http://www.enlight.ru/

ib/tech/vtm/index.htm

 

russian-planetary-robots.jpg

Russian Planetary Robots. Above L and R : Marsokhod, 1989. This mock-up was demonstrated at 11 International Exhibitions in the USA, Spain, Sweden, France, Germany, Korea, Taiwan. Lower left : XM-Scepka, running mock-up of the Coupling Chassis, 1971. Lower right : Running mock-up with inflatable wheels (1989). From : http://www.enlight.ru/

ib/tech/vtm/vniitm.pdf

lmrc-demonstrator-1997.jpglrm-lunar-robotic-mockup-lrv.jpg

LMRC Demonstrator, 1997, from VNIITRANSMASH, St Petersburg. Motors and gear boxes came of the Swiss Mackon firm. From : http://www.enlight.ru/

ib/tech/vtm/vniitm.pdfm

 


 

LRM Lunar Robotic Mockup (LRV), articulated suspension, FWD and FWS. Developed by Rover Company, St Petersburg, on ESA European Space Agency contract.   http://robotics.estec.esa.int/Xcel_export/TEC/Robotics/SEMBWA8LURE_3.html

 

lunar-electric-rover-2009-1.jpg

Lunar Electric Rover, LER, 2009, from NASA on youtube   :  NASA_Completes_Desert

_Lunar_Rover_Testing

k-rover-from-nasa-2012.jpg

K Rover from NASA, 2012.      https://ti.arc.nasa.gov/

blog/irg/

 

stair-climbing-devices.jpg

Stair climbing devices on youtube. These devices are not really off-road.         http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYYxM8UQaXU                  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3qWYAOGZVM4

 

Genbu-Fire-Fighting-Robot.jpgmulti-wheeled-robot-of-sigeo-hirose.jpg

Genbu Fire Fighting Multi Wheeled Robot, of Shigeo Hirose, 1995.

When the twin towers of the World Trade Center were destroyed on September 11, 2001, robotics expert Robin Murphy and three colleagues from the University of South Florida drove eighteen hours to New York City to help search through the rubble for survivors. They brought eight different search-and-rescue robots.

http://www.science

clarified.com/scitech/Artificial-Intelligence/AI-and-Robotics.html

Genbu-multi-wheeled-robot-1995.jpggenbu-ii.jpg

Genbu multi-wheeled robot, 1995, of S. Hirose and Fukushima Robotics Lab., used to support firefighting hoses on debris.

 

 

Genbu II of Tokyo Institute of Technology. It has elastic joints and all wheels are driven.   http://robot.watch.impress.co.jp/cda/parts/image_for_link/2416-96-15-1.html

 

Tri-Star-IV-robot.jpg

Tri-Star IV robot of Tokyo Institute of Technology by Shigeo Hirose, 2011. Metal sheet and canvas wheels prevent to sink in sand or surmount rocs. Speed 3,6 km/h, 3 wheels and 50 kg. Studied for very thin sand of lunar surface. Note spokes wheels are made reality of springs. http://zhelezyaka.com/news.php?id=5325

 

Wheel-of-Shigeo-Hirose.jpg

Wheel of Shigeo Hirose, late 90s, could climb on a wall. http://www-robot.mes.titech.ac.jp/robot_e.html

 

stair-climbing-robot.jpg

Stair Climbing Robot, with a simple and automatic device : a kind of telescopic leg helps to go upstairs and is automatically retracted on flat ground.   On youtube : Stair_Climbing_Robot__   from Japan

 

mule-of-lockheed-martin.jpg

Mule of Lockheed Martin, 2011     http://www.military

factory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=314

mule-at-ausa-2008.jpg

Mule at AUSA, 2008 utilizing composite materials wheels, less vulnerable.   http://defense-update.com/products/m/mule-load-carrier.htm

mini-crusher-of-cargenie-mellon.jpg

Mini Crusher of Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Mass 57 kg, 45 kg payload, 24 km/h, removable battery pack. For mine mapping, surveillance.   http://www.rec.ri.cmu.edu/projects/mini_crusher/

 

Spinner-UGCV-of-Team-Retarius-2003-2004.jpg

Spinner UGCV of Team Retarius, 2003-2004. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=11379&page=144#p2000d4239960144001

Spinner UGV 6x6

Spinner-UGCV.jpg

Spinner UGCV issued from Mule of early 2000, Cargenie Mellon built larger versions : Crusher, Perceptor and Autonomous Platform Demonstrator (APD) in 2008. The Spinner could roll over and start again.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o2Kh7FVgDCU

UGVC Perceptor

Crusher-6x6-robot-UGV-1.jpg

Crusher 6x6 robot UGV developed at Cargenie Mellon University in 2008 was issued from 6x6 Mule of Lockheed in 2006. http://www.unmanned.co.uk/ugv-gallery/ http://www.hightech-edge.com/crusher-darpa-autonomous-robot-iphone-xbox-controller/1417/

 Crusher 6x6

 

RHex-from-Boston-Dynamics-Sans-titre-Fusion-0.jpg

RHex robot marketed by Boston Dynamics was originally conceived by Universities of Michigan and California. It can swim on or under water, jump, do a back somersault, run fast in mud, sand or rocks. The 6 legs rotates like wheels but they aren't wheels. www.rhex.web.tr/

RHex-in-different-configurations.jpg

RHex in different configurations. www.rhex.web.tr/

 

nano-rover-of-jpl.jpgNanorover-1997.jpg

Nano Rover of JPL of NASA conceived by Brian Wilcox in 1997. It had to carry transport instruments for planetary exploration with a mass less of 10 kg, length 10 cm. It could operate up and down side, flip over, lower on flat ground, lift the wheels over obstacles and could articulate to keep all wheels in contact with ground providing maximum traction even on low gravity fields.

 

Big-Wheels-inflatable-rover.jpg

Big Wheels inflatable rover of JPL, 1999. Tires of B.F. Goodrich Aerospace have 1,5 m diameter to traverse well 99% of the Martian surface. http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/adv_tech/rovers/bigwheel.htm

Axel-Rover-1.jpg

Axel Rover of JPL, California, 2009. http://www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/systems/system.cfm?System=16

 

TRESSA-Robot-of-NASA.jpg

TRESSA Robot of JPL of NASA. Three robots were provided : 2 as anchor and the third, Cliffbot, could get down or up a slope of 90 ° thanks to cables. Tested in Norway. http://www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/facilities/facilityImages.cfm?Facility=4

Tumbleweed-Inflatable-Rover.jpg

Tumbleweed Inflatable Rover of JPL 6 m diameter. "Tumbleweed" was a large, beach ball-like device that holds a central payload (replacing parachute), landing (replacing airtbag) and mobility (wind-driven on surface). With a 6-meter diameter ball on Mars, speeds of about 10 m/sec could be achieved with winds of 20 m/sec ; steep hills should be easily climbed with only moderate winds. To stop, the ball was partially deflated by remote control ; its mobility was then returned by command using a built-in pump to re-inflate the Tumbleweed. Tests using this type of ball were successfully conducted in the 1960s by JPL. http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/adv_tech/rovers/tmblweed.htm

 

SRR-robot-1997.jpg

SRR robot, 1997, JPL. They could act as Robot Work Crew or as cliff-traversal robot. http://www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/systems/system.cfm?System=6

SRR2K-460-cliff-traversal-robot.jpg

SRR2K-460 cliff-traversal robot from JPL, 2000. http://www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/systems/system.cfm?System=6

 

8-Wheeler-robot-of-JPL.jpg

8 Wheeler robot of JPL. http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/multimedia/2007/09/gallery_nextfest1?slide=7&slideView=8

Mars-rover--Sojourner.jpg

Mars rover Sojourner or Rocky IV in 1992, soft-landed on Mars on July 4, 1997. Sojourner's wheels and suspension used a rocker-bogie system. http://www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/projects/projectVideo.cfm?Project=4&Video=54

Rovers-between-1964-2006.jpg

Rovers between 1964 and 2006. From L to R and downwards : SLRV proto of 1964 from GM by Greg Bekker later retrofitted, painted, renamed blue rover ; Athena Rover , 2006 ; Rocky I ; Go-For ; Bleue Rover, 1997 ; Robby, 1990. From JPL.

 

Rocky-III-robot-1992.jpg

Rocky III robot, 1992. From JPL, this autonomous robot weights 26 kg. Pict from review 'Sciences et Vie' J., April 1992.

 

markus-johansson-robot.jpg

Markus Johansson Robot, 2006. Electric drive ten motors robot of 8 kg and 280 mm length from Finland Association for Robotics. It uses rocker suspensions.  

www.markus_Johansson_OFF

_ROAD_robotti.jpg

http://www.propelli.net/robot/off_road.htm

robot-from-thailand.jpg

Robot from Thaïland    http://www.rc-plus.net/board/index.php?topic=779.0

the-scarab-rover.jpg

The Scarab rover, built by Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute. http://www.robotliving.com/science/scarab-rover-tested-in-hawaii/ http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/multimedia/imagegallery/if034_scarab_rover.html

 

lunar-articulated-6x6-of-general-motors-in-1961.jpg

Lunar articulated 6x6 of General Motors in 1961. See Chap : '6x6 articulated, light'.

http://projectswordtoys.

blogspot.com/2010/10/

ridiculous-to-sublime.html

 

6x6-lunar-test-vehicle-of-bekker-from-gm-santa-monica-in-the-60s.jpg

6x6 lunar test vehicle of M. G. Bekker from GM Research Laboratory, Santa Monica, in the 60s. Flexible frame was to replace active pitch control. Pict from 'Journal of Terramachnics' in the 60s, Pergamon Press, later Elsevier.

us003235020-001-patent-vehicle-with-flexible-frame-bekker-1966-1.jpg

us003235020-001 patent Vehicle with flexible frame, Bekker, 1966.

 

Articulated-6x6-chassis-for-Lunar-Exploration.jpg

Articulated 6x6 chassis for Lunar Exploration studied in 1962 by M. G. Bekker. Many other mode of locomotion like tracks, walking, snakes, hopping began to be systematically compared to move on Moon. Pict from cover of review 'Science et Vie', Mars 1962.

I drove the first Lunar Car

Lunar Cars

 

wheeled-russian-rovers.jpg

Wheeled Russian Rovers. U to L and L to R : Marsokhod 6x6, Three wheeled rover, Rover Luna, 1970, XM-PC, 1976.

 http://www.enlight.ru/ib/tech/vtm/index.htm  

 

Spring-wheels-for-rover.jpg

Spring wheels for rover : a suspension is integrated to the wheels. http://www.enlight.ru/ib/tech/vtm/index.htm

 


Scramble-Bug-1964.jpg

Scramble Bug, 1964, toy presented at the World Fair of New-York, part of General Motors display. Large spherical wheels 6x6 articulated model inspired by moon rovers studied by GM at Santa Barbara, Ca, is now in GM museum. http://projectswordtoys.

blogspot.fr/2010/08/evolution-of-scramble-bug.html

 

nomad-robot-in-atacama-desert.jpgnomad-point-turn-cs-cmu-edua.jpg

Nomad robot of the Carnegie Mellon University, 1997, was created for earth and planetary exploration. Tested in Atacama Desert, north Chile, on a variety of terrains, it was driven autonomously on 21 km. Similar mission took place in Arctic in 2000. Chassis was expandable and suspensions were self-leveling, avoiding to roll over on slopes. http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~lri/nav97.html

 

 Halluc-II-robot.jpg

 

Halluc II robot, 2007, is an eight-legged semi-autonomous mobile robot, shown here at a press preview at the National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation in Tokyo, Japan. It can run or walk with its articulated wheeled arms. http://pinktentacle.com/2007/07/halluc-ii-8-legged-robot-vehicle/

 

 Halluc-II-Robot-1.jpg

Halluc II Robot. Wheels are completely independent.

 

Mule-of--Lockheed-Martin.jpg

Mule of Lockheed Martin presented in 2003. It was a 6x6 thanks to in-hub electric motors. Active suspension allowed to cross obstacles twice the diameter of the wheels. Intended to carry soldier equipment.

mule-of-rod-millen.jpg

UGCV Robot of Rod Millen and Lockheed Martin issued from Mule. They can see how to climb over obstacle thanks electric hub-engine motorized arms suspension. http://www.millenworks.com/projects/191/Unmanned_

Ground_Vehicles/67/UGCV.html

 

UGCV-of-Rod-Millen-and-Lockheed---Martin.jpg

UGCV Robot of Retarius Team, Rod Millen and Lockheed Martin issued in 2003 from Mule. The suspensions allowed crossing large obstacles. A larger version, the Crusher of 6,5 t, a 6x6 robot vehicle too, of Carnegie Mellon's, was presented in 2006. These vehicles could roll over and continue their route.

 

Iares-robot.jpgiares-robot-1.jpg

Iares robot studied since 1993 and delivered to France by VNII TRansmash, now Rover Company Ltd, of St Petersburg, in 1996, is better than prior Marsohod (LAMA), its wheels being independent. It was tested in Toulouse, at CNES, which made software. Iares is a self-leveling robot. It is intended to go on Mars in 2018. http://www.ladepeche.fr/article/2010/12/09/966476-le-robot-toulousain-va-explorer-mars.html http://lechevalier.

sylvain.free.fr/photos/astro/iares/iares.htm

 IARES Robot

Below :

Iares Robot, tested in 2010 by CNES for planetary exploration.     http://www.stdaily.com/kjrb/content/2010-12/26/content_260166.htm

 

 

rxv-e-rotem-robot.jpg

RXV-E Rotem Robot 6x6, 2003, South Korea, 700 kg, 1.6 m long, 6 electric motors in wheels and tilt mechanism. http://shusharmor.livejournal.com/tag/

rocker-bogie-8x8-rover.jpg

Rocker bogie 8x8 rover from JPL of NASA.   http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/multimedia/2007/09/gallery_nextfest1?slide=7&slideView=10     

 robonaut-r2a-robot.jpg

 Robonaut R2A Robot at Kennedy Space Center to be carryed by International Space Station.  http://www.flickr.com/photos/nasarobonaut/5473443001/in/set-72157626127948108/

 k10-robot-of-nasa.jpg

 K10 robot of NASA and 3 universities, tested in Canada in 2010. Mass 80 kg, payload 15 kg,  max speed 0,9 m/s.   http://lunarnetworks.blogspot.fr/2011/02/high-speed-lunar-navigation-for-crewed.html  and   http://www.lunarscience.nasa.gov/robots/2010/robotic-tech/k10-robot-fast-facts

 gofor-rover.jpg

 Gofor rover, from JPL, 1992.                 http://www.oobject.com/cars-in-space/jpl-robotics-gofor-rover-1992/3762/

 foxbot-2006-1.jpg

 FOXBOT, 2006, from Rheinmetall Defense, radio controlled until 1000 m, for surveillance and recce missions.        http://defense-update.com/20060502_foxbot.html

 articulated-6x6-test-vehicle.jpg

 Articulated 6x6 test vehicle of Braude College, Israël.                  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VruQAPzUEJY

 6x6-robot-of-braude-college.jpg

 6x6 robot of Braude College, Israël.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VruQAPzUEJY

 

Comments (1)

1. Used cars (link) 03/08/2011

Some really good designed robots are here. Good to see it.

Commenting now closed